Housing Developments by Cooperatives in Harare: An Evaluation of Kuwadzana


  • Nyasha Mutsindikwa
  • Marlvin Muchato


housing cooperatives, housing development, sustainable urban development


The changing role of government from being a direct provider of
housing to being a facilitator has seen several players coming on
board in the provision of housing. Housing co-operatives have been
over the years regarded as being instrumental in complementing
government‟s efforts in providing houses to urban low-income
earners in Zimbabwe. However, due to the increased number of
these housing in urban areas, there has been an outcry by some
members of the public because some of these housing co-operatives
were not conducting their businesses as expected. This has been
manifested by the increasing number of informal and illegal housing
developments. The thrust of this research was to investigate the
extent to which housing developments by cooperatives have been
adhering to town planning standards and procedures. Key informant
interviews, observations and a survey were used to collect data with
the cluster sampling method being used to select questionnaire
respondents. Finding reveal that housing developments by
cooperatives have largely compromised the urban fabric and
residential morphology in terms of spatial planning and
development. Urban land has been allocated to cooperatives who, in
most cases, do not have the capacity to service the areas. This is
evidenced by the current state of these settlements where in most cases, basic infrastructure such as roads, water and sewer does not exist. Public-private partnerships seem to be the only way out to
rejuvenate these settlements to attain sustainable urban development.