Models and Strategies in Budgeting in Zimbabwean Urban Local Authorities: Towards Meaningful Citizen Engagement for Resilience


  • Tinashe Magande
  • Teresa Nyika
  • Nyasha Takawira Mutsindikwa


budgeting, policy, urban management, PB, governance, Zimbabwe


This article is based on a study that examined urban local authorities and the models and strategies they are employing in their budgeting processes in Zimbabwe. Urban local authorities are governed by the Urban Councils Act (UCA) in Zimbabwe. Both primary and secondary data collection methods were employed. These were predominantly desk review and key informants‟ interviews. The study examines four cass of urban local authorities in Zimbabwe and these are Kwekwe, Beitbridge, Harare and Gweru. The literature reviewed indicates that various budgeting models and strategies can be used by urban local authorities. These include traditional Line-item Budgeting, zero-based budgeting, gender-based budgeting, performance-based budgeting, participatory budgeting (PB) and the planning programming budgeting systems. Results indicate that most urban local authorities in Zimbabwe have migrated to the use of a participatory budgetary system. However, urban local authorities are finding it difficult to fully embrace the PB model. The study recommends further research into the challenges faced by the urban local authorities in fully embracing their adopted PB processes to derive sustainable, effective and targeted solutions for good governance.